*
*The aim of the course is to give systematic description of the basic
types of interactions between elementary particles and experimental methods
for their investigation. The bases of the kinematics of the elementary
particles are presented. The different types of symmetry (continuous and
discrete, spatial and internal, global and local) of the fundamental interactions
and the corresponding conservation laws are considered. Classification
of the elementary particles is given. The interactions are described in
terms of local (gauge) groups of symmetry. Experimental methods in Elementary
Particle Physics are subject to a special attention. A description of the
strong interaction is given. The quark model of hadrons and the basic ideas
of QCD are presented. The experimental indications for existence of quarks
and gluons are discussed. Special attention is paid to the weak interaction.
Lepton and quark currents, quarks mixing, CP violation in weak interaction,
interactions carried by neutral currents are considered. The problem with
mass and oscillations of neutrino are discussed. Glashow-Weinberg-Salam
model for electromagnetic and weak interactions is presented. The attempts
for construction of Grand Unified Theory of electromagnetic, weak and strong
interactions are briefly discussed. Recent experiments verifying this models
are examined. The basic problems and directions of development of Elementary
Particle Physics are traced out. |