The goal of the course is to give systematical description of fundamental
interactions of elementary particles and methods for their experimental
investigation. An introduction in the relativistic kinematics and formalism
for calculation of the cross sections of the elementary particles interactions
are given. The different types of symmetry ( discrete and continuous, spatial
and internal, global and local (gauge) ) of fundamental interactions and
corresponding conservation laws are considered. A classification of elementary
particles is presented. Their interactions are described in the framework
of gauge field theories. The experimental methods used in today elementary
particle physics are considered. The description of strong interactions
starts with quark-parton model of hadrons. The basic concepts of Quantum
Chromodynamics and experimental indications for existence of quarks and
gluons are presented. Detailed description of weak interactions including
CP-violation, neutral currents and neutrino oscillations is given.The Weinberg-Salam
model of electroweak interactions is discussed. An introduction to the
models giving an unified description of strong and electroweak interactions
(GUT) is given. The results of experimental tests of the Standard Model
of the electroweak and strong interactions are presented.
To attend this course a basic knowledge on Quantum
Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory and Group Theory is required. |